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The First Complete Kitchen Cabinet Glossary

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  • Sapwood
    Living wood. It is not resistant to decay.
  • Sash
    The frame that holds glass windows.
  • Scribe Molding
    A small, molding thin piece used to cover gaps where the cabinet meets the wall or floor. It provides a finished and uniform look.
  • Sealer
    Also called a sealant, Sealer is a substance used to prevent dust, fire, smoke, gas, air or liquid from damaging the cabinet.
  • Self-Close Mechanism
    Drawers containing a piston that respond to various levels of pressure and weight, absorbing the impact and closing the door slowly and safely. Good self-close drawers will stop about one inch before and slowly bring the drawer to a close in order to prevent doors from smashing fingers.
  • Semi-Custom Cabinets
    These cabinets are pre-made and range between nine and 36 inches in three inch increments. They are made in a variety of sizes and styles for kitchens at a reasonable cost.
  • Shaker
    Shaker doors is widely admired for its simplicity and quality with basic roots of clean and aesthetic class and functionality. These panels are sometimes made of with recessed veneers. Good quality Shaker panels will be reversed raised panels, having the same visual look of recessed panels with extra sturdiness and thickness.
  • Sidemount Guides
    Drawer hardware that is mounted on the side of the drawer.
  • Single Oven Cabinet
    An oven cabinet used to house a single oven.
  • Sink Base
    A base cabinet made to accommodate a sink. There is no back panel for easy plumbing connections so that drilling and routing is not necessary. These cabinets have fake drawers, but can have tilt-outs to maximize storage space. Sink base cabinets can also be used for cooktops.
  • Sink Tilt-Out Tray
    Most panels underneath the sink are fake drawers. Sink tip-out trays make use of the space, tilting out for extra storage. They are often used to hide sponges, scouring pads and other small items from view.
  • Sink Tip-Out Tray
    See Sink TIlt-Out Tray.
  • Skin
    Skins are ¼ inch panels that are used to cover unfinished backs and sides. They can also be applied to the side panels of cabinets to cover scratches or cuts.
  • Slab Door
    See Flat Panel.
  • Soft-Close Mechanism
    Drawers that have magnets that guide the drawer closed. These are not self-closing.
  • Softwood
    Wood from conifer (needle-bearing) trees.
  • Soss Hinge
    A concealed hinge that requires mortises to be carved in the door and cabinet.
  • Spatter
    Leaving small specks of lighter color on a darker stain or vice versa.
  • Spice Drawer
    Drawers that are usually no more than six inches wide and used to store spices, napkins or other small items. They can be installed as a or base under wall cabinets.
  • Spice Rack
    A pull-out rack unit. It is usually six or nine inches wide and houses spices, cans, oil, etc. The rack has two or three shelves that are open and accessible from both sides.
  • Spinning Trays
    The rotating shelves of a lazy Susan.
  • Square-Cut Joint
    See Butt Joint.
  • Stain
    An intentional discoloration for cabinets. Stains are used to alter the color of natural wood depending on design and style.
  • Stem Rack
    See Glass Rack.
  • Stile
    See Center Stile.
  • Straight Grain
    A type of grain that runs in one direction.